Church history by Andrew Miller chapter 23 the theology of the Church of Rome we now crossing the threshold of the 13th century the great actors and the stirring times of the 12th have passed away the reflection is a solemn one beyond the line that separates the two states of being it is well that we cannot pass and were.
It not that the agitation of the 12th century is really though remotely connected with the great Reformation of the sixteenth it would.
Possess but little interest to us.
These men and their times we.
See the great currents of human thought and feeling which had their rise in the monastery and their results in civil and religious liberty which we now enjoy under the good Providence of God a new.
Generation another class of men now occupy the ground the posts the primates the Emperor’s the monks the philosophers the demagogues with whom we had become familiar have made room for others but whither are they gone where.
Are they now we only ask the question that we may be led to improve our own day.
And our own precious opportunities that we may not have to lament with the profit of old the harvest is past the summer is ended and we are not saved Jeremiah 8 verse 20 the right.
Time has come we believe when the witnesses for God and His truth should have a special place.
In our history they come prominently before us from the close of the 12th century but first of all it may be well to place before our ears certain theological definitions and usages of the Roman Church at this time for we shall find.
That bodies the witnesses were judged and the papacy gained its power over the lives and.
Liberties of the saints of God the seven sacraments in the New Testament where all is plain and simple we only read of two sacraments or divine institutions as connected with the saved people baptism and the Lord’s Supper but in both the Greek and Latin Church is the number had been greatly increased and variously stated by different theologians it was no longer a question.
Of divine revelation but of the human imagination some speak of as many as 12 sacraments but in the Western Church the mystical number.
Of seven was ultimately established as corresponding with the idea of the Sevenfold gifts of the Holy Ghost and these were Baptism Confirmation the Eucharist penance extreme unction ordination and matrimony see note note CJC robertson.
Vol 3 pages 259 to 272 end of notes thus was the snare laid for the feet of the true followers of Christ it mattered not how sincerely a man.
Believed and obeyed the word of god if he disregarded the sacraments of the church and her numerous ceremonies he exposed himself to the charge in the consequences.
Hand it mattered nothing though.
The Word of God was utterly despised if obedience to the church was professed but for all who followed the.
Law according to his word Escape was impossible the net was widely spread transubstantiation to attempt an enumeration of all the additions made to the outward observances of religion would be hopeless many new rites ceremonies usages holidays and festivals were added from time to time both by the pontiff’s publicly and by the priests privately but no priestly invention ever made.
Such way or produced such an impression on the popular mind as transubstantiation the dogma nowhere occurs in the writings of either the Greek or Latin fathers the first trace of it is.
To be found in the 8th century in the 9th a period of great darkness the monk pass gaseous seems to have given Foreman’s definiteness to the monster superstition in the 11th it was strongly opposed by barring her of tours and daily defended by Anselm of Canterbury it continued to be a subject of.
The doctors till the fourth Lateran Council which was held in the year 1215 it was then placed among the settled doctrines of the Church of Rome by a canon of that council it was affirmed that when the.
Officiating priest utters the words of consecration the sacramental elements of bread and wine are converted into the substance of the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ the body and blood.
Of Christ they say are contained really in the Sacrament of the altar under the species.
Of bread and wine the bread being transubstantiated into the body of Jesus Christ and the wine into his blood by.
The power of God through the officiating priest the change thus affected is declared to be so perfect and complete but the elements contain Christ’s whole and entire divinity humanity soul body and blood with all their component pasts see note note Gardiner’s faiths.
Of the world volume 2 page 905.
See also enable essay on this subject edgers variations of popery pages 347 to 388 end of notes from that period but consecrated bread of the.
Eucharist received divine honors important changes also were introduced about the same time in the manner of administering the sacrament the consecrated wine it was said was in danger of being profaned by the beard dipping into the chalice from the sick not being able to swallow it and from children being likely to.
Spill it so the cup was withheld from.
The laity and the sick and infant Communion discontinued altogether at least by the Latins the Greeks retained it and still practice it the most dreadful superstitions naturally follow the establishment of the doctrine of transubstantiation at a certain part of the mass service the priest elevates the host the consecrated sacramental wafer and at the same instant the people fall prostrate before it.
In worship on some occasions the wafer is placed in a beautiful casket and carried in solemn procession through the streets every individual as it passes him buying the knee in token of adoration in Spain when a priest carries the consecrated wafer to a person who is supposed to be dying.
He is accompanied by a man ringing a small bell and at the sound of the Bell all who hear it are obliged to fall on their knees and remain in that posture as long as they hear its sound the priests make the people believe that the Living God in the form of bread resides.
In that casket and may be carried from place to place surely this is the consummation of all iniquity idolatry and blasphemy and the exposing of everything sacred to the ridicule of the profane it.